Subscribe to eTOC.
- Integral Ecology: Uniting Multiple Perspectives on the Natural World (Integral Books)!
- SUNY Downstate Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology – Chairman's Message?
- Williams Obstetrics 21st Ed With Images..
- Williams Obstetrics 21st Ed With Images.
Advanced Search. Toggle navigation.
Subscribe Register Login. Your Name: optional. Your Email:. Colleague's Email:. Separate multiple e-mails with a ;. Send a copy to your email. Some error has occurred while processing your request. For the health profession, see Midwifery. Main article: Intercurrent disease in pregnancy.
Main articles: Induction birth and Childbirth. Further information: Pain management during childbirth. Main article: Complications of pregnancy. Further information: Postpartum period. Main article: Veterinary obstetrics.
- Shoulder dystocia: Clarifying the care of an old problem | MDedge ObGyn;
- Obstetrics - Wikipedia.
- Williams Obstetrics 21st Edition Study Guide - Susan M. Cox - Google книги.
- Stages of Pregnancy | SCDHEC.
- Chronic Viral and Inflammatory Cardiomyopathy (Ernst Schering Research Foundation Workshop 55).
- Williams Obstetrics 22nd Edition Study Guide;
- Japanese Foreign Policy: The Emerging Logic of Multilateralism;
- C++ GUI Programming with Qt4 (Second Edition);
- Account Options.
- Vortices in Unconventional Superconductors and Superfluids.
- Transition metals in supramolecular chemistry.
See also: Women's medicine in antiquity. Alorainy; Fahad B.
Albadr; Abdullah H. Abujamea Ann Saudi Med. Platelets in haematologic and cardiovascular disorders: a clinical handbook. History of Childbirth. Companion Encyclopedia of the History of Medicine. London and New York: Routledge, — Encyclopedia of Medical History. Lewiston: Edwin Mellen Press, McGill Journal of Medicine.
Archived from the original on Accessed February 14th, Boston: Northeastern University Press, Internal medicine. Obstetrics and gynaecology.
Williams Manual of Obstetrics
Gynaecology Gynecologic oncology Maternal—fetal medicine Obstetrics Reproductive endocrinology and infertility Urogynecology. Radiology Interventional radiology Nuclear medicine Pathology Anatomical Clinical pathology Clinical chemistry Clinical immunology Cytopathology Medical microbiology Transfusion medicine. Other specialties. Pregnancy and childbirth.
Download Williams Obstetrics 21St
Birth control Natural family planning Pre-conception counseling. Assisted reproductive technology Artificial insemination Fertility medication In vitro fertilisation Fertility awareness Unintended pregnancy. Amniotic fluid Amniotic sac Endometrium Placenta. Fundal height Gestational age Human embryogenesis Maternal physiological changes Postpartum physiological changes. Amniocentesis Cardiotocography Chorionic villus sampling Nonstress test Abortion.
Bradley method Hypnobirthing Lamaze Nesting instinct. Postpartum confinement Sex after pregnancy Psychiatric disorders of childbirth Postpartum physiological changes. Doula Health visitor Lactation consultant Monthly nurse Confinement nanny. Adaptation to extrauterine life Child care Congenital disorders. Gravidity and parity. Reproductive health.
Compulsory sterilization Contraceptive security Genital integrity Circumcision controversies Genital modification and mutilation Intersex. Genetic counseling Pre-conception counseling Sex education. Men's Women's Vulvovaginal Research Self-report sexual risk behaviors. Abortion Birth spacing Maternal health Obstetrics Options counseling Pregnancy from rape Pregnant patients' rights Prenatal care Teenage pregnancy Preteen pregnancy Unintended pregnancy.
Andrology Genitourinary medicine Gynaecology Obstetrics and gynaecology Reproductive endocrinology and infertility Sexual medicine. Disorders of sex development Infertility Reproductive system disease Sexual dysfunction Sexually transmitted infection Clinic. Birth control movement in the United States History of condoms Social hygiene movement Timeline of reproductive rights legislation.
Gonik and associates 2 concluded that the pressure resulting from endogenous forces is four to nine times greater than the pressure generated by a clinician. How an understanding of endogenous forces alters management.
Williams Obstetrics, 25th Edition
Newer data, such as the study by Gonik and colleagues, 2 may implicate expulsive force ie, maternal pushing as another, perhaps greater, cause. Their findings suggest that, when shoulder dystocia occurs and additional maneuvers are necessary to deliver the impacted anterior shoulder, the contribution of potentially harmful endogenous forces should be kept in mind.
Counterintuitive strategies, including having the mother stop pushing until the anterior shoulder is freed, may help limit injury. When shoulder dystocia occurs, the progress of labor is interrupted and brachial plexus injury can result, a common cause of litigation. How confusion crept into the literature. However, a look at the 19th edition of the textbook 7 reveals identical wording, and the reference cited is ACOG Technical Bulletin No. A subsequent version of the same bulletin no. This document did not recommend maternal expulsive force after a diagnosis of shoulder dystocia—in fact, maternal force was not even mentioned.