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On the Trinity by Augustine 12 editions published in in English and held by 1, WorldCat member libraries worldwide As a major statement of Augustine's thought, in which he develops his philosophy of mind, On the Trinity had a considerable influence on medieval philosophy, and continues to interest philosophers today.

This edition presents it together with a philosophical and historical introduction by Gareth Matthews, and useful notes on further reading. Philosophy and the Young Child by Gareth B Matthews Book 33 editions published between and in 11 languages and held by 1, WorldCat member libraries worldwide Jeder weiss von Fragen und Bemerkungen von Kindern zu berichten, die der Philosoph als wahrhaft philosophische wiedererkennt.

In Denkproben deutet der renommierte Philosoph G. Matthews Anekdoten solcher erstaunlicher Gedankenblitze von Kindern.

Cause and Correlation

Anhand vieler Beispiele wird gezeigt, wie so etwas gelingen kann. Quelle: Klappentext. The philosophy of childhood by Gareth B Matthews Book 38 editions published between and in 7 languages and held by 1, WorldCat member libraries worldwide So many questions, such an imagination, endless speculation: the child seems to be a natural philosopher - until the ripe old age of eight or nine, when the spirit of inquiry mysteriously fades. What happened?

Was it something we did - or didn't do? Was the child truly the philosophical being he once seemed? Gareth Matthews takes up these concerns in The Philosophy of Childhood, a searching account of children's philosophical potential and of childhood as an area of philosophical inquiry. Seeking a philosophy that represents the range and depth of children's inquisitive minds, Matthews explores both how children think and how we, as adults, think about them.

Adult preconceptions about the mental life of children tend to discourage a child's philosophical bent, Matthews suggests, and he probes the sources of these limiting assumptions: restrictive notions of maturation and conceptual development, possible lapses in episodic memory; the experience of identity and growth as "successive selves," which separate us from our own childhoods.

By exposing the underpinnings of our adult views of childhood, Matthews, a philosopher and longtime advocate of children's rights, clears the way for recognizing the philosophy of childhood as a legitimate field of inquiry. He then conducts us through various influential models for understanding what it is to be a child, from the theory that individual development recapitulates the development of the human species to accounts of moral and cognitive development, including Piaget's revolutionary model.

The metaphysics of playdough, the authenticity of children's art, the effects of divorce and intimations of mortality on a child - all have a place in Matthews's rich discussion of the philosophical nature of childhood. What is this that are you doing? This appears to be the earliest connection between philosophy, wonder and education. In July this year he formed some scheme of mental improvement, the particular purpose of which does not appear.

But we find in his "Prayers and Meditations," p. Johnson , All my thoughts since I put aside "the things of childhood" have been focused on life in the light of death, and I am not easily distracted. I have always believed that philosophy should be at the service of life which was Socrates' view.

Socratic Method Research Portal

It is not a diversion. Unless life in a confused mind be at the service of life, then the logic of language cannot be seen as being very far removed from life. What use is philosophy? If a man learns how to think The subject of Logic as one of Philosophy's three parts. In which sense of the word 'logic' were the queries about? If by 'logic' we mean 'the rules of the game', then these include the "rules for reasoning" if we are willing to say that there really are non-arbitrary rules. By 'logical' I believe Schweitzer meant 'self-consistent thought' and Pascal 'non-contradiction'.

We do, of course, apply this principle every day, but examples of this are best left to the young student to discover. The word 'alive' here I take to mean 'use', that the meaning of language is to be found in what human beings do with it, and that what we do may have countless variations: our concepts are fluid.

The meaning of a sign in Wittgenstein's jargon, 'sign' means: the physical aspect of language only, e. The task of logic grammar is to describe that practice, either as it actually is or as it might be in a counter-factual world of which the Fable of The Born-Blind People is an example in contrast. Otherwise a sign is dead ink marks or dead sound -- i. Wittgenstein's answer was: the role it plays in our everyday life. The difficulty is that I feel that I must give the entire background, as it is given in my Synopsis, or, as I used to have at the top of my pages: this page won't be understood without first understanding Wittgenstein's Logic of Language.

A lot of background is required to understand his work; it is, as he said, not "for tourists". Note: the following continues the main discussion: M. Drury's philosophy of science. Is the mere making of correlations science? If Hume's account were correct, that there are in reality nothing but correlations, could there be what we call natural science?

At most one might believe in the significance of a strong correlation -- that is, believe on the basis of nothing more than the correlation that there is a causal relationship as well. Claude Bernard did not think so. The statistical studies the public prints report each day -- are they a caricature of science? Shouldn't such correlations be regarded as no more than preliminary studies ["working hypotheses"] that ought not to be reported outside the research community? But, on the other hand, shouldn't well-established correlations be reported to the general public -- e.


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And do we not also call well-established correlations such as this 'science'? That does not stop a mechanism [cause] from being sought, however, and is not tracing a mechanism the ideal of science -- what we call 'scientific explanation'? I don't know. According to Eddington, the ideal of science -- as evidenced by the actual practices of scientists -- has changed.


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  • Max Frisch shows what statistics amount to this way Or rather this is the way I thought I remembered , but see pages of Homo Faber "Man the Maker" , tr. Bullock, But I only have one daughter. Gradgrind, "You've used these statistics to comfort others, father. Now use them to comfort yourself. Doctors treat lab reports and vital-sign machines rather than the human being lying in front of them.

    Socratic Perplexity: And the Nature of Philosophy

    This is another instance of replacing a fact with a theory : "Reality which lies before us at every moment is replaced by the abstract picture we have ourselves created. How mistaken I was as a young doctor when I thought medical practice was a matter of medical technique. That would make a doctor a body mechanic! No, a doctor must be a person who feels in his own body and spirit all that the patient suffers in body and spirit I've come to understand that medicine is a vocation, a personal call from God -- which means that examining a patient, taking an x-ray or giving an injection is part of the kingdom of God.

    This is what A. Schweitzer wanted, that his hospital be a village of the kingdom of God , a place where life is treated with reverence. But in which sense of the word 'wonder'? What is 'philosophic wondering'?

    Topics on this page Philosophy begins in Perplexity in being puzzled Query: what is wonder in philosophy? Taylor I think Aristotle means seeing that you don't know something results in your seeking to know it "wondering" -- and this seeking is called 'philosophy'.

    Schweitzer That conception of philosophy, as its eternal questions -- unanswered and unanswerable -- show, sees our life as being lived in the midst of an enigma or mystery " the riddle " that it wants to solve , and like all thinking called philosophy since Thales , its method and standard is to seek to solve that problem by the light of natural reason alone. Socrates as a special case of philosophy beginning in wonder On the other hand, according to Plato's Apology but not Xenophon's Memories of Socrates , philosophy for Socrates had its origin in the words of Apollo's oracle at Delphi that " no one is wiser than Socrates ", which perplexed Socrates because he didn't think that he knew anything worth knowing.

    Query: philosophy begins in wonder, and it ends in wonder. Query: difference between philosophy and wonder. Metaphysics and Curiosity Query: philosophy started with a sense of curiosity and wonder in? Philosophy, chaos and order Query: Wittgenstein, philosophy begins in a lost way. Query: philosophy begins with order. Philosophy and the Birth of Learning Query: why philosophy is the mother of all disciplines. Query: wonder is the beginning of philosophy. Perplexity and semantic grammar Query: Wittgenstein, and philosophy is bad grammar.

    Branches of Philosophy (Part-I)

    Query: philosophy as bad grammar. Query: meaning of life is caused by language - Wittgenstein. And so we have: Query: false logic in speech. There is Wittgenstein's famous remark to Malcolm Query: philosophy is wondering. Query: philosophizing or wondering. Query: who said philosophy begins in doubt? Philosophy begins with a question. But being perplexed is very different from doubting. One is gripped by perplexity. One is at its mercy. To be sure, perplexity can be a great motivator. But one cannot command perplexity, the way Descartes commands doubt. Yet there are passages in which even Descartes shows that he is perfectly well acquainted with the state of being perplexed.

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    Philosophy begins in Wonder

    Thus, after detailing in Meditation I the profoundly disturbing realization that he might not, after all, be 'sitting by the fire, wearing a winter dressing-gown', that he might instead be only dreaming that he is doing those things, Descartes begins Meditation II with a striking, if brief, expression of epistemological vertigo. An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.

    Matthews, Gareth B. 1929-

    No cover image. Read preview. Synopsis Gareth Matthews suggests that we can better understand the nature of philosophical inquiry if we recognize the central role played by perplexity.